The Cuban archipelago, full of attractions for tourism, also offers options to practice scuba diving and snorkeling thanks to the transparent waters that surround it and the quality of the seabed.
It is worth mentioning that in Cuba, diving benefits from an average temperature of the waters above 24 degrees, together with a horizontal visibility that is often beyond 30 meters.
For these purposes, sites such as Isla de la Juventud stand out, with Cayo Largo del Sur, in the southwestern portion of the archipelago; Maria La Gorda, and the north coast of Havana and Varadero.
Other diving sites are near the Zapata Peninsula, Santiago de Cuba, the north of Camagüey, Holguin, and the Jardines del Rey and Jardines de la Reina archipelagos.
South of the province of Camagüey, Jardines de la Reina constitutes one of the best scenarios, which is often visited by professionals mainly.
Diving enthusiasts can enjoy more than 70,000 kilometers of the Cuban island platform, with about 5,000 kilometers of coastline, bathed in turn by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
Some 6,500 varieties of fish, crustaceans, sponges and mollusks, accompanied by up to 850 kilometers of coral reefs in perfect condition, make the island one of the best preserved underwater ecosystems in the region.
To all of the above add several hundred sunken ships from the Spanish colonial period to present days, as a result of the role played by Cuba in the crossing of fleets from the Caribbean to Europe.
Three dozen specialized diving centers operate throughout Cuban territory, with facilities for initiation courses and immersions in coral reefs and caverns, all under the parameters required internationally for that activity.
One of these facilities is located in the Guanacahabibes Biosphere Reserve, in Cuba's westernmost end. It is called Maria la Gorda and is an excellent place with crystal-clear and warm waters for scuba divers with 39 points for immersion
In addition, in an area between the Bay of Matanzas and the western end of Jardines del Rey, there are 32 sites waiting for diving enthusiasts, with unique attractions such as the cavern called Ojo del Megano and the Cayo Piedras del Norte Marine Park , the only one of its kind in the Cuban archipelago.
According to studies, there are more than 500 well-studied diving areas in the surroundings of Cuba, with underwater landscapes, exotic corners, caves, vertical walls and tunnels.
Divers can also find cliffs and canals with endless options for this practice, both day and night. However, the sunken ships from the Spanish fleet in earlier times still holds secrets to discover.