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FEBRUARY 22,2019 12:22 PM
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History, Tourism and Culture in Central Cuba
Date: JAN 21, 2019
Other Reports

Central Cuba, with several of the first villages founded in the country, holds a unique wealth due to the perfect combination of historic, natural, tourist and cultural values.

In that region, Trinidad, founded 505 years ago, stands out, as it bears the condition of Museum City and is also among the most complete and well-preserved architectural complexes of the American continent.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) registered the Trinidad's Historic Heart and Valle de los Ingenios (Sugarmills' Valley), an area where the sugar industry flourished with the arrival of the Iznaga, Borrell and Brunet families in the mid-19th century, in the World Heritage List in 1988.

In addition, since 2018, the city, formerly known as Villa de la Santisima Trinidad, has held the status of Artisanal City of the World, in recognition of its work in that cultural expression.

A main route to conquer new territories, the village was founded along the banks of the Guaurabo River, where the Spaniards found an aboriginal population whom they used as labor, as well as fertile lands and excellent ports for the preparation of expeditions.

Colonial halls, spacious, comfortable and airy palaces where luxury and waste made their own to integrate with Cuban colonial art, make Trinidad an undisputed architectural jewel of yesteryear.

Undoubtedly, in the long term, tourism aims to gain ground thanks to the construction of two five-star hotel, as part of the development plan until 2030.

The region of Trinidad is, in addition to a city of well-preserved colonial architecture and strong traditions, a starting point for nature and nautical tours.

The Spanish Baroque is present in the wide portals of the stately mansions of yesteryear, in a structure where the wide square with the church at the center constituted the classic design of towns, a trend that evolved towards a constructive method adapted to the conditions of the country.

In the 18th century, the neoclassical style burst forth with force and it is present today in the ornamentation of doors and windows with beautiful railings with attractive filigrees, where craftsmen sought to fulfill the double purpose of protection and decoration.

The city also developed major economic activities like focused on livestock, tobacco and smuggling, finally oriented in the 18th century to the sugar industry, thus becoming the largest city of masonry and tiles by inhabitants in Cuba in 1827.

Trinidad holds major attractions in real estate from that period, including the Romantic Museum, which is the former Brunet house, located in Plaza Mayor; the Museum of History, housed in the former Cantero Palace; and the Guamuhaya Archeology Museum.

The latter occupies eight rooms of the former Padron House and shows artifacts from the aboriginal communities that lived in Cuba's center-southern region in the pre-Columbian period.

Trinidad
Trinidad, popular dances
Street in Trinidad
Street in Trinidad
Trinidad, patio
Trinidad, colonial house
Gallery
Trinidad

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