Cuba, with a historic background of several centuries, holds true exponents of urban heritage from the Spanish colonial era.
Thus, the country has a network of more than 300 museums of the most varied designs and contents, 14 of which are classified as art museums, seven of science and technology, five of ethnography and anthropology and 68 of history.
Nine other museums are considered specialized, four of archeology and the rest on general topics, all of them with a common goal: to transfer the teachings of yesteryear to the new reality of the country.
The main site in this activity is, undoubtedly, the Cuban capital, with a wide range of facilities for the most diverse interests, many of which are unique in the country.
In a building built in 1791 and known as the Palace of the Captains General – the seat of the Spanish colonial administration for more than 100 years – the so-called City Museum is located.
The Baroque style residence contains exponents that show a panoramic view of the city, from its founding under the name of San Cristobal de La Habana to the present, as well as several rooms dedicated to the Cuban wars for national independence.
Meanwhile, Havana's historic heart, which was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), houses more than 100 buildings dating from the 16th and 17th centuries, while 200 were constructed in the 18th century.
The country also has emblematic buildings, with a strong cultural component, like the palaces of Aldama, Segundo Cabo, Lombillo and the house of the Count Bayona (Havana), together with the Cantero and the Count of Brunet (Trinidad), and the house of Diego Velazquez (Santiago de Cuba).
The second urban site of this type in dimensions in Cuba is in Camagüey – formerly known as Santa Maria del Puerto del Príncipe, also called the city of the tinajones (large earthenware jars), due to the abundance of these enormous clay pots used to store water.
Meanwhile, to the east, in Granma province, 48 percent of all historic sites of the Cuban archipelago are located, with its capital city, Bayamo, as a National Monument and the capital of the Republic in Arms at the beginning of the 1868 War of Independence.
In turn, Santiago de Cuba treasures memories of more than 480 years, with a defensive system that is considered to be the greatest exponent of European Renaissance military engineering in the Caribbean and made up of the Castle of San Pedro de La Roca, La Estrella and the battery of La Socapa.
With these attributes, the main urban centers in Cuba contribute their added value to a wide range of attractions that attract the interest of foreign visitors and national holidaymakers.