The tourist sector, which has become a dynamic element in the Cuban economy, bets on the short-term expansion in order to make a better use of the archipelago’s potentialities for its development.
According to predictions, Cuba has the necessary conditions to cater three million visitors every year, thanks to a large portfolio of options that are supported by the richness of the territory.
The traditional sun and beach programs are combined with other tourist options like ecotourism and adventure tourism; also including incentive, cultural, sports, and congress and convention tourism. In addition, the advantages of the Cuban health system also contribute to this combination.
Cuba offers unique health options to deal with diseases like retinitis pigmentosa, as well as a comprehensive vaccination scheme with products developed by Cuban research centers.
In this sense, these health procedures lead visitors to facilities where several ophthalmologic conditions are treated, or to specialized institutions with experience and techniques for the treatment of dermatological diseases and the cure of the widespread disease known as vitiligo.
People suffering from drug and alcohol addiction, many of them abandoned in their own country, find in Cuba a solution for their condition, supported by a pleasant and quiet natural environment that contributes to the cure.
Those interested in nature tourism can find in the Cuban fauna about 16,500 registered species, in a context where some zoological groups show an endemism above 90 percent.
Natural and biosphere reserves, natural landscapes, national parks and protected areas make up a large network of options characterized by their richness, excellent preservation and unique features that distinguish the region.
Bird watching, an activity that attracts many visitors to the different tourist destinations in the island, plays an important role in this environment.
Havana, Cuba’s capital city, stands out in the preference of thousands of tourists who visit the country every year attracted by the leisure options and the country historic and cultural values.
The city is also known for its fortress system that includes the castle of San Salvador de la Punta, built on one end of the San Lázaro cove, in the western shore of the bay.
La Cabaña fortress is another important example of the 18th century military architecture, due to the combination of the most advanced military techniques of the time with architectural and spatial elements.
The system is complemented by the Morro Castle, the most important colonial fortress, not only from the military point of view, but also for its lighthouse as a symbol of the city.
In addition, together with modern hotels that are available for tourists, the city offers other lodging facilities that accumulate years of centenary history.